Glossary - Parts of a House

Soffit, Fascia, Hip, and Rave! It sounds a little bit like a kid's song full of nonsense words. But these are actually proper names for various parts of your house. As you're planning your next major home remodeling project, familiarize yourself with these terms so you can make smart, informed decisions with your contractor!

Let's start with the most common parts of modern suburban homes. The terms have been broken down into categories, to give you a clearer idea of the parts that make up each section, and role they play in the overall structure of your house.

So, let's begin with the roof:

Roof Structure

Each part of the roof structure serves an important and specific purpose.


The gable is a wall’s triangular part where all the roof pitches join at the top.


The ridge is the gable roof’s top peak that runs horizontally where both of the sloping sides join.


The eave is the extended parts of your roof that keep the lower parts of the house safe from rainwater.


The rake is the outward sloping edge of the gable roof that starts from the ridge and goes to eave.


The hip is the sloping junction, which is downwards and is the point where the sloping sides intersect. The hip is part of the pitched roofs that have sloping planes. These planes join at the sides, just like a pyramid's edges.


Fascia is the protective board that is horizontal, which covers the rafter’s area under the roof edge. It holds the gutters as well. It can also serve decorative purposes.


Soffit is the vented covering that covers is the eave’s underside.

Roof Vents

Roof ventilation is very crucial in both hot and cold weather. It helps to regulate the temperature of the attic while preventing condensation and damage due to moisture. It also lengthens the life span of a home while improving its energy efficiency at the same time. Here are a few types of roof vents:

Gable Vent

The gable area vent.

Roof Vent

The vent is located on the roof.

Ridge Vent

Located along the ridge, which is the highest point of your roof that helps in exhausting the heat.

Roof Gutter System

Your gutters are an important part of keeping moisture from seeping into your home.

The Roof Gutter

The gutter is for catching all the water that trickles from the roof and carries it away.

Down Spout

Downspout takes the gutter water down.

House Sides

And how about the parts of your house under the roof?

Ends and Edges

Corner Post

Trim at the outer corner for sealing edges of the walls and siding.

Frieze Board

The trim board at the wall top just below the edge of the roof.


The base for the structure of your home, made from concrete on which the home sits.

Doors and Windows


The decorative and protective around edges of your doors and windows.


The headers are the decorative boards/moldings that are larger than trims and located above doors and windows.


The window trim divides the glass visually.


These are the larger boards/moldings below the windows meat for decoration.

Miscellaneous Parts

There is so much more to your home than you ever knew. See our full Glossary of Building Terms to learn more about the part and pieces that make up your home!


The chimney is the large ventilation for fireplace smoke.


The extended area of the roof wall for windows.


The upright posts for supporting the roof and serve for decoration as well.


The open extended home entrance which is usually covered.


The fences with decorative posts and rails outline the porch or deck.

Home Remodelling Services

If you require top-notch home remodeling services in Naperville, look no further than Smardbuild, the most trusted contractor in the area. Contact us for more information, and see what other homeowners have said about their exceptional home remodeling experience with us!

Here's what customers say...

The high-level craftsmanship and personalized customer experience we deliver are what keep our customers happy and telling their friends about us. We can't wait to help you with your remodeling project. 

Mark and his team did a terrific job and I could not be more pleased with the final work! Throughout whole siding installation process I was kept well informed about the progress and what will be next steps in the process. I'm living in Arlington Heights and anyone who is looking for great siding contractor can stop by my house and check their amazing work. I also plan on hiring them again for another siding project. That would be my parent's home. 🙂

Jessica D.

I researched over 30 companies, and had 5 come out to my house to give me estimates to install new vinyl siding. I ended up going with Smardbuild, and I am very happy that I did. They showed up on time, and finished the entire job within a week. And the quality of the work is the best part. They are perfectionists! I have never seen attention to detail like this. They even went above and beyond the job requirements. They installed aluminum flashing around my sliding glass door to make it look nicer, and that was not even part of the job. And to top it off, they installed 2 new wall lanterns that I bought at Home Depot. 

Tim H.

We used Mark and his Smardbuild team to replace our roof, soffits, fascia, siding, upstairs windows, gutters and front door. All work performed is top notch. We went with Hardie soffits and fascia since we had prior issues with carpenter bees drilling holes in our old, wooden soffits. In my opinion Smardbuild is the best with Hardie products. Everything looks great. It took us a while to finally settle on a color for the siding and Smardbuild was quite patient with our process. After having issues with contractors in the past, it was refreshing to work with such a professional team that actually cares about the quality of their work. Thanks Smardbuild.

Peter P.

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